Category Archives: wildlife

WITNESSING A TIGER KILL AT RANTHAMBORE

We had a tiger sighting in zone 3 of Ranthambore National Park within the first hour on the first of the four safaris that we had booked. We counted ourselves as lucky and happily clicked photographs as the tigress Arrowhead walked past our canter, unhurried and unmindful of our presence. Arrowhead is one of the daughters of the tigress Krishna, who in turn is a daughter of the legendary tigress of Ranthambhore – Machli. As Arrowhead moved farther and farther away, we watched her contentedly while waiting for the canter to reverse and move on to other parts of the zone.

 

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Arrowhead – credits Arun Chengappa

And suddenly, we saw stealth in her gait, trying to find cover behind the broken branches of the dead trees that were strewn around in that area. In an instant, many of us realized that she was stalking and were able to locate the object of her interest. IMG_2489

It was a wild boar, sitting alone in the middle of a marshy area, facing the other way and unaware of the predator closing upon him.  The atmosphere electrified as we realized that we were about to witness a tiger kill or at least an attempt to kill. The tigress did not waste time and charged. It was too late for the wild boar which started fleeing only at the last moment. The tigress reached the spot in two seconds, overshot and turned back with unimaginable speed and agility and pounced on the boar, holding it down and trying to choke its windpipe. We had a clear view despite the distance as the kill was made in an open area and we could see the boar struggling and the tigress also struggling to pin it down.

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The tigress made no mistake of releasing its hold till all signs of life ended and this took almost ten minutes.

It is very difficult to describe what I experienced then. Awe certainly, amazement definitely. Sorry for the boar but great admiration for the tigress. Also a sense of gratitude and humility that we were allowed to witness something which establishes the law of nature.  The killing and what transpired subsequently were indeed the rarest of the rare events which one witnesses in Indian jungles.

We expected the tigress to carry her prey farther from us into the thick jungle on the other side. While the kill was witnessed by people in our canter and in two more jeeps, almost all the jeeps and canters that were in that zone congregated in that area as word must have spread around by then that there has not only been a tiger sighting but that there has been a tiger kill. The tigress got up, surveyed the area around her, picked up the lifeless boar and, to our amazement, started walking towards us. She clearly wanted to go back from where she had sauntered in, on the other side of where we were.

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The boar was heavy and the tigress Arrowhead was tired after the exertion of the kill. Every time, she could walk barely a few steps before she had to put the boar down, picking it up again after a while.  At one point , she stumbled a little and at another, she took a short leap to clear some hurdle in her way. All the while, she kept coming closer and closer, but changed her direction several times which made the jeeps and canters to regroup to provide her sufficient gap for the cross over.  We had the closest view when she put the boar down again at the side of the track, between a jeep and a canter.

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credits- Amit Raj Jain

She picked it up again and made a dash across, tail up in the air in panic.

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The final dash to the other side – credits Amit Raj Jain

By then, all that we wanted was for her to cross the line of jeeps and reach her chosen space and feed on her kill in privacy.  Soon she was out of sight and we returned a subdued lot as what we had witnessed had impacted our senses in a strange way.

There are several national parks that can be visited over the weekend from Delhi but Ranthambhore National Park in Rajasthan should be on the top of your list. It is an overnight train journey to Sawai Madhopur, which is on the New Delhi – Mumbai rail route and is the town adjacent to the park. The theme “tiger” is present everywhere in the station(which incidentally is very well maintained and clean) – wall murals and paintings, metallic silhouttes of tiger on the station name board and on the facade of the building.

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Sawai Madhopur station

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There are no forest rest houses inside or even adjacent to the park and all types of accommodation ranging from the luxury hotels to budget hotels to mid range ones are to be found only at Sawai Madhopur. So you can stop thinking about contacts in the forest department for booking a forest lodge, which you may be compelled to do for a visit to Jim Corbett National Park or Bandhavgarh National park or kanha National park.

For jeep and canter safaris, booking has to be done online, with photograph and identity proof,  not just for Ranthambore but for all the National Parks in Rajasthan. So, you must book your safari first before finalizing the plan to visit this park. The park is divided into 10 zones and a fixed number of jeeps and canters are allowed in the different zones. Zones 1 to 5 are the most popular as chances of tiger sighting are quite high here. Entry and exit of each vehicle is registered and the safari time is adhered to – 6.00 to 9.30 in the morning and 3 to 6.30 in the evening.

There is an impressive fort inside the forest with a temple, which is visited regularly by the local population.

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Ranthambore fort

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The road from the main gate of the park to the fort is about 3 kilometers and you would come across people on bicycles, bikes and on foot too. Tigers have been spotted on or near this road, with no untoward incident.

There are several lakes and other water bodies inside the reserve.   The three famous lakes are Padam talao, Rajbagh talao and Malik talao. All three are beautiful in their own ways.  Padam talao is the largest and Jogi Mahal is located at its edge.

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Padam talao with Jogi mahal

Jogi mahal has seen better times.  Originally a hunting lodge for the royals, it was converted into a forest rest house. A stay at Jogi mahal overlooking the lake Padam talao teeming with wildlife and birds must have been awesome. Sadly, it is closed to the public now and seems to be in a sorry state of disrepair.  Soon, it would be nothing but a ruin, devoured by the jungle.  One can spot wild boars, sambhar deer, spotted deer(chital), crocodiles and a wide variety of birds in and around these lakes.

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one of the lakes in the evening light
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Seemingly indolent, but alert
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the stark beauty of the lake and the jungle

 

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spotted deer

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Lakes teeming with birds and deer
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photo credit – Arun Chengappa
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Sambhars wading in the lake

 

 

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Sambhars – alert and watchful

I end this piece with snapshots of the sisters Arrowhead and Lightning and the tigress Noor in different moods, captured during the other safaris.

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Wow! what a beauty!
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Arrowhead in a pensive mood
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Lightning walking past our canter
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Tigress Noor right on the jeep track
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Noor sitting contentedly on the side of the road

 

 

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Lightning settled down in the tall dry grass waiting to ambush
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Lightning with a grimace

THE LESSER KNOWN UPPER ASSAM(Part I) – Dibru Saikhowa National Park and Maguri beel

Skipping the standard Northeast tourist circuits of Guwahati-Kaziranga-Shillong and Tawang-Bomdilla, we landed at Dibrugarh airport one fine afternoon with a rough plan to explore  regions in Upper Assam and parts of Arunachal Pradesh around it. Apart from Dibrugarh and Tinsukia, which are major cities of upper Assam, I had not heard of most of the places in that region till Google opened the windows (is it a pun?) to the information available on the web, some in great detail and some very sketchy. Roing, Tezu, Dehing river, Dibang valley, Digboi (ah! I know that place), Dibru river, Margherita, Lohit river, Patkai rainforest, Maguribeel, Dibru Saikhowa national park, Myudia, Mehao, Miao…….Phew!

There is so much to see in upper Assam and the experiences are so varied that you cannot put them all together in a single article. So, what comes in Part I? The one which had the greatest impact on my senses – the birds of  Dibru Saikhowa National Park and Maguribeel.

Dibru river, a major channel of Brahmaputra

Dibru Saikhowa is a national park as well as a biosphere reserve.  In fact, it is one of the identified biodiversity hotspots, that is, a region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity and at the same time, is threatened with destruction, having lost a significant portion of its original habitat.

Dibru Saikhowa is unlike the other National Parks of India – you don’t have jeep or elephant  safaris, forest lodges and not even beaten tracks. Dibru Saikhowa has two villages situated deep inside the forest – Dhadia and Laika. For tourists in general, the park is explored only from the boats cruising on Dibru river, a channel of the mighty Brahmaputra. You reach Guijan, about 12  km away from Tinsukia, from where the cruises start. Om boat house is a well-known cruise operator, a day long cruise costing Rupees 1250 per person, including breakfast, lunch and snacks on board. The cruise vessel seems to have been taken straight out of a fairy tale book, with colorful tiny cabins and deck chairs.TSR Watermark - 330

Egret taking a free ride on the drifting branch

You cruise over the Dibru for a while, looking out for the occasional dolphin or an egret perched over a drifting branch.

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After a while, the boat docks on a sandy stretch of the saikhowa forest, deck chairs and sun umbrellas are offloaded and arranged on the shore and the tourists gingerly disembark and lounge around, make themselves comfortable, taking in the scenery and the refreshments. If there is anything overtly touristy about this whole trip, this is it.

Tourist trappings

They could have arranged for at least a short hike in the forest, with permission from the forest authorities, to get a feel of the flora and perhaps get a glimpse of the wild feral horses for which this is a natural habitat.  However, after relishing the tourist trappings, we cruised further along narrower channels in a smaller motor boat, and we could see many more birds.

Cormorant drying its wings

Cormorants and ruddy shelducks are in plenty. The latter, also known as Brahmini ducks, swim, waddle and fly in pairs. During the breeding season, the male is distinguished by a black ring on its neck.

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Ruddy shelduck or Brahmini duck – photo credit Rashmi Panda

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Ruddy shelducks swimming in pairs – photo credit Rashmi Panda
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This is why it is called snake bird – photo credit Rashmi Panda
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A darter caught mid flight – photo credit Rashmi Panda
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A flock of cormorants

The great cormorants and darters (also known as snake bird) are commonly sighted in dibru saikhowa.

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bar headed goose on flight – photo credit Rashmi Panda

After about two hours, the motorboat heads back to where the cruise boat is docked and it is time for lunch on board. It is siesta time thereafter and the cruise ends at guijan just when the sun sets. It was a spectacular sight and we just gazed at the setting sun, the golden hues it spread on the river and at the blazing sky.

The sunset on the Brahmaputra is one of the  most soothing sights that I have experienced.

All through the cruise on dibru, we kept hearing about Maguribeel and the excellent bird sightings that a canoe trip can provide. Beel in assamese means lake with marshy areas. Maguribeel is on the south bank of Dibru river and is connected to it by a system of channels.

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Maguribeel

This place has to be visited early in the morning to see hundreds of local and migrant birds.  It is a kilometer or so further ahead of Guijan and if you are based in Tinsukia, it would take just half an hour to reach Maguribeel. It is a shallow lake with a thick network of weeds forming the bed and the canoe moves noiselessly  through the lake, skirting the marshes which throng with bird life. The white wagtail, a common winter visitor to Assam, is spotted easily but very difficult to photograph as it keeps flitting. I was eventually able to photograph it on the shore after getting off the canoe.

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white wagtail

You see a wide variety of birds on maguribeel – purple moorhens, teals, yellow wagtail, open billed storks, black winged stilt, pied kingfisher, night heron and many more which we could not identify.

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Yellow wagtail
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Bar headed goose
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Open billed stork
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Purple moorhen – photo credit Rashmi Panda
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Black winged stilts
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Night heron
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Teals
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Stilts – photo credit Rashmi Panda
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An all women fishing team on the maguribeel

I was truly satiated with an hour spent on Maguribeel but for avid birdwatchers who would like to make several trips on the beel watching and studying the birds, there is a Kohuwan Eco camp with lodging facilities which arranges for boat trips too.

I present these black and white beauties as a finale to the memorable time spent at dibru shikhowa and maguribeel.

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Black and white (cormorant and heron) – photo credit Rashmi Panda

 

Striped beauties of Bandhavgarh

The first clear view of the tiger
The first clear view of the tiger

“Tiger Tiger” whispered the guide animatedly, the thrill and excitement in his voice not dimmed even after innumerable tiger sightings he must have had in the last 19 years that he has been in Bandhavgarh. The atmosphere electrified immediately and there was a palpable tension in the air. We were in the last leg of our last jeep ride in  Khitauli  area of Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve when we spotted the tiger.

Entry barrier at Khitauli range
Entry barrier at Khitauli range

It was a full grown female cub and she and her sister had not yet left the mother to strike out on their own, informed the guide. The tiger, beautifully camouflaged in the sal tree forest, kept walking parallel to the dirt track on which our jeep was. The guide knew that it would soon come onto the road and cross it and so we stopped and waited.

Striding majestically across the track giving us the royal ignore
Striding majestically across the track giving us the royal ignore

And soon enough, the tiger emerged from the tree cover, strode majestically across the track with not even a glance bestowed on us.  The guide knew where it would exactly emerge again and swiftly we reversed and moved across the criss-cross of tracks and waited at a spot and were rewarded by another sighting of the same tiger.  This time, it walked on the track for a while, with our jeep following it slowly at a safe distance, before it entered the forest again.

The dirt tracks criss crossing the forest
The dirt tracks criss crossing the forest

Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve in Madhya pradesh in central India is typical tiger country immortalized by Kipling and has a very high density of tigers.  The National Park is divided into 3 zones – Tala zone, magadhi zone and khitauli zone. We had spent 3 hours the previous evening in Tala zone, which is undoubtedly more beautiful than the other zones.

Open grasslands and the dominating fort on the hillock
Open grasslands and the dominating fort on the hillock

It has open grasslands, view of the Bandhavgarh fort which overlooks the forest, a place called “Sheshashaiya” – a huge idol of Lord Vishnu reclining on the seven hooded serpent Sheshnag with the spring waters emanating from near the feet. This zone is also dotted with several caves. Alighting from the jeep is allowed only at the biggest of these caves aptly titled “Badi Gufa” and at the Vishnu idol as the remaining caves are generally dwelling places of the tigers.

The idol of reclining Vishnu
The idol of reclining Vishnu

Though a rough and steep road goes right up to the 10th century fort, visits to the fort have been stopped for several years now. The fort complex has a temple with a priest in place, though it is difficult to imagine how he lives there alone in the wilderness as the fort area is known to be frequented by tigers. Once a year, on the day of Janmashtami – the birthday of Lord Krishna – people from the nearby villages are allowed to trek up to the temple and the tigers must be keeping away due to the presence of so many people.

A lone spotted dear
A lone spotted dear

In the Tala zone of the forest, we could see plenty of spotted deer, sambhar, peacocks and langurs. The throbbing wildlife was all around.

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The langurs who promptly climb to tree tops and give the alarm calls on spotting a tiger
The langurs who promptly climb to tree tops and give the alarm calls on spotting a tiger

Twice we heard the alarm call of langurs, which unfailingly gives away the presence of the tiger, and waited for a while but we could not see the tiger. The ride through the forest was mesmerizing nevertheless.

Coming back to the tiger we saw, the thrill of seeing a tiger in the wild is unimaginable.  Though our hands were shaking, with excitement and fear in equal measure, we were able to take photographs and it ended all too soon.  Since we were on the last leg of the morning ride and moving towards the exit, we were busy recalling the tiger sighting we had, how magnificent she looked as she strode across the track when, all of a sudden, as we turned a bend in the road, we saw a tiger straight ahead and walking towards us.

There were a couple of vehicles behind the tiger and she (it was the mother we were told) must have emerged from the forest in front of them and walking away from them when we came bang in front of her. It was a heart stopping moment. There were frantic signals from those in the other jeeps asking us to back and allow the tiger to continue on its path. The driver of our jeep did comply but in the confusion and the hurry, he hit a rock and could not back any further.  I have never seen a tiger head on (we could see only the head and front legs – it was walking in perfect alignment) and the experience was bewitching to say the least.

The tigress changed course and moved to the other side of the road
The tigress changed course and moved to the other side of the road

She kept coming for a few more steps and then coolly changed course, and sauntered across to the other side of the road and into the forest cover.  Needless to say, none of us took any photographs of the front view and were galvanized into action only when she was about to enter the forest cover. ?????????? No regrets whatsoever. What is a photograph, when we could experience those moments that had us spellbound!

The forest department’s complex at Tala has several Forest Rest Houses and a very informative and well designed museum.  There is also an open amphitheatre and wildlife films are screened for the visitors. The film on “Charger” a very famous and aggressive male tiger who reigned over the Bandhavgarh forest for a long spell and “Sita” the tigress who was his mate and had produced several off springs, is worth watching.

Booking of the Forest Rest House is a bit of a pain (when will they make it simple and transparent?) and one can try several lodgings and resorts in Tala village right outside the Park gates.  The best time to visit the Park is March  – April as tiger sighting is almost certain.